The splendor of Ottoman art .. Topkapi Palace
Turkey is the cradle of civilizations and cultures, it is considered one of the most distinguished tourist destinations in the world with its historical and archaeological tourist attractions in addition to the charming nature that it enjoy with it , it is the first tourist destination which the tourists prefer to visit it either because of its picturesque nature that takes them on a trip between its forests and mountains or to visit its landmarks Historical and archeological tourism that takes them on a distinguished tour throughout history to tell them the events of the past about the civilizations which they were and the empires that were established on its land.
Istanbul, which is one of the most beautiful tourist cities in Turkey in particular and in the world in general, which is characterized by being one of the most visited places by tourists from all over the world.
Istanbul is famous , with both its European and Asian sides ,for its historical and archaeological tourist attractions, in terms of mosques, palaces, castles, museums and forts that tell the stories of civilizations and empires that were established on its lands through times and that nothing remains of it, except its relics that have remained witness to it.
Today we will talk about one of the most famous historical and archeological palaces in the city of Istanbul ,Topkapi Palace, which tell the splendor of Ottoman art and contains many Islamic and Ottoman treasures.
Topkapi Palace is one of the most beautiful and largest historical palaces in the European Istanbul, located in the old side of Istanbul in the Sultanahmet Square area, which contains many monuments where it is located near to it the Sultan Ahmed Mosque and the Aya Sofia Museum in addition to Gul Hana Park,
Topkapi Palace has charming views of the Bosphorus and Marmara Sea.
The Ottoman Sultan Mohamed Al-Fateh built the Topkapi Palace and named it Yeni Saray, it became a center for the residence of the Ottoman Sultans for four centuries until the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II built a palace of Dolma Bahca and turned it into a center for the residence of the Ottoman Sultans and a center for The rule of the state, where he converted the Topkapi Palace into an archaeological museum containing the treasures of the Ottoman Empire and Islamic artifacts.
Topkapi Palace was built on an area about 600 thousand square meters. The palace is considered one of the largest and oldest palaces built during the reign of the Ottoman Empire and it is one of the few palaces that still preserve its beauty that fascinates the eyesight.
Topkapi Palace is distinguished by its traditional architecture, which is dominated of it the traditional Ottoman character, in addition to the beautiful wooden garden that surrounds it, and which in it huge tall trees that squirrels hide in it .
In outside of the walls of the palace there is the fountain of Sultan Ahmed III, which was built during the reign of Ottoman Sultan Ahmed III and it named with his name, the fountain which is characterized by the splendor of its construction, which fascinates the eyes. Which combined the traditional Ottoman style and European Rococo art.
The palace has more than 10 gates that did not remains many from it , the most famous of it which is known as the High Gate, which is located on the opposite side of Sultan Ahmed Square near aya Sofia, which it witnessed many historical events that passed through the palace.
The palace consists of four squares, the outer square is distinguished by its distinctive decoration and the beautiful lake in the middle of it, it leads you to the hall known as the tiles of the Janissary , located to the left of it the Byzantine Church, the second or middle square and reach to it through the Gate of Peace, which is the main gate of the palace, which was distinguished with its large area and lavish construction, no one was allowed to enter it on the back of a horse except the Sultan and his mother,
The Peace Gate leads you to the Court, which consists of several halls, a hall in which to hold meetings, a hall in which records of meetings are kept, and a room for archiving, in addition to the kitchen of the palace, the Council of State, and the door of happiness and Al-Haramlek .
Al-HaramlekIt is the department of the harem whichin it the Sultan's wives, his family and maids reside and contains about 300 rooms in addition to many wings, where there is a special suite for the Sultan, a suite for the Sultan's mother and her maids, in addition to multiple suites for the maidservant, the museum's suits and a suites for soldiers, servants and guards.