The first capital of the Ottoman Empire ... Bursa
Tourism in Turkey is distinguished by its diversity, as Turkey has recently become the first destination for tourists from all over the world, which is back to its tourist, historical and archeological attractions in addition to its charming nature and the appropriate climate for tourism in all the seasons and times,
Tourist resorts are also spread in all Turkish cities, which are equipped with everything that tourists need, Turkey is the first destination for tourists from all over the world who love antiquities and ancient history that tells the stories of civilizations that were built on its lands and the important historical events that passed through it , in addition to the charming nature with green forests .
Turkey is famous for its culture and long history, which flourished with many civilizations that passed through it and the empires that were erected there through ages and times, in addition to the charming nature of its nature from green forests with high and huge trees and mountains with high peaks covered with snow and lakes with clear fresh water and beaches with Golden sand in addition to the seas with clear blue water.
Also, all Turkish cities are famous with the enchanting nature with green forests, mountains and rivers, in addition to their historical and archaeological sites such as museums, castles, forts, palaces, and historical mosques.
Today, in our article, we will talk about one of the most beautiful and most famous Turkish tourist cities, the green city of Bursa. It was named green for the spread of green forests in it, which covers most of its area.
A glimpse of Bursa's History
The city of Bursa in Turkey is located between the cities of Ankara and Istanbul in the northwestern part of Turkey, the history of the city of Bursa dates back to the sixth century BC where it witnessed many civilizations and empires that established on its ,The most famous of these are the Roman Empire, Byzantines, Crusaders, Seljuks and finally the Ottoman Empire,
where Bursa was the first capital of the Ottoman Empire and the last resting place of the founder of the Ottoman Empire Osman Ghazi, Until the Mongol leader, Tamerlank, destroyed it, then the Ottomans recovered it and converted the Ottoman capital from Bursa to Edirne and then Istanbul.
Bursa is an ancient and historical city where it inherited from the civilizations and empires that passed through it many archaeological and historical monuments, where archaeological monuments appear in its streets, neighborhoods and monumental buildings in addition to its charming nature of green forests, high trees and waterfalls flowing with fresh lakes and high mountains covered with snow.
The most famous tourist attraction in Bursa
Bursa contains many historical and natural sights, the most famous of it :
The Great Mosque of Bursa
The Great Mosque is considered one of the most beautiful, most important and oldest historical mosques in Turkey. The mosque was built in 1398 and it took two years to build it. The famous architect Ali Najjar supervised the construction of the mosque.
After the victory of the Ottoman Sultan Beyazid I over the Crusaders in a fateful battle, he ordered to construction of the mosque in celebration of his victory and in fulfillment of his vow, as he had vowed to build twenty mosques If he defeated the Crusaders , and when he won, he built a large mosque in Bursa with twenty dome instead of twenty small mosques, according to his counselor's suggestion
The Aznik Museum is located in the city of Bursa in the town of Aznik, it is considered one of the oldest and most famous museums in Bursa, its construction dates back to 1388 where Sultan Murad I built it for his mother Nilufer Khatun
The museum displays many jewelry and ceramic items and Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman antiques as well as old coins and 14th-century coffins
Uludag Mountain is one of the most famous tourist and natural attractions in Bursa, the mountain is the highest point in the city, reaching a height of about 2500 meters, its peak covers with white snow in the winter and in the summer is covered with green trees and colored flowers
The mountain is one of the favorite places for tourists from all over the world whose Lovers of snow skiing, you can go to the mountain during a pleasant trip through the cable car, which is the longest cable car in the world, where its area extends to about 9 km. During your trip, you can pass on the perennial historical tree that has a history of more than 500 years