Cappadocia .... the charming city
Turkey is a country of tourism and multiple cultures, famous for its tourist cities which has historical and archaeological monuments that attract tourists from all over the world,
In this article, we will talk about one of the Turkish tourist cities that are famous for their natural, historical and archeological attractions.
The city of Cappadocia , the charming city that is famous for its airships that are high in its sky. The flight in this airships is considered one of the most beautiful in the world, where you can enjoy by watching the enchanting archaeological and natural monuments from the sky .
The city of Cappadocia, which its name means (the land of beautiful horses), where it is famous for horse breeding in one of the ancient historical times , has been placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List because it contains many unique historical and archaeological monuments.
The city of Cappadocia is located on a high plateau in the middle of Turkey, east of the Anatolian Plateau, in the region of Neushar, separated in the south by the Taurus Mountains range from the Mediterranean, To the west are the regions of Ikonia and Galatia, and on the north the Black Sea mountain range and to the east the Euphrates River, it is rising from the sea surface about 1000 meters and spread in it the volcanic peaks.
A glimpse about the history of Cappadocia
Cappadocia has a long and ancient history and past where the city’s history dates back to the late Bronze Age (third millennium BC), in which many civilizations and empires had arose in it . Initially, Cappadocia belonged to the Hittite Empire, then the Persian, then the Roman, and then the Armenians who settled in the Medieval in Cappadocia during the Roman era,
And the Armenians built many cities under the ground in the caves of the city, which was considered one of the ancient Christian shelters and was equipped with churches and homes in addition to the traps intended to protect its residents , The Armenians used it to hide from the Romans who were fighting the Christian religion during that period, and then the Byzantines and the Crusaders cascade of it , until some Turkish tribes under the leadership of the Seljuks invaded and settled in the region ,
finally in the fifteenth century annexed Cappadocia to the lands of the Ottoman Empire during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Beyazit
Cappadocia is a charming city that combined the influence of nature and its features that formed from the folds of volcanic rocks and stone rocks and natural erosion factors that formed the most beautiful scenery on the slopes of carved mountains and human intervention where cities built underground and carved in the rock.
Cappadocia has many geological and archaeological features, the most famous of it
Underground city of jinn
The city of Al-Jin built underground to a depth of more than 65 meters in Cappadocia, Turkey, is considered one of the most famous historical and archaeological monuments in Cappadocia, as it dates back to the Bronze Age,
It is one of the unique discoveries that construction engineers considered it to be a challenge to all civilization in the quality of construction and that its importance reaches the importance of the Egyptian pyramids in the accuracy of construction.
The city of Al-Jinn consists of four floors that can accommodate more than 15 thousand people, which is consider a maze with number of rooms and some churches that are equipped with waterways and food tanks in addition to the ventilation holes that allow fresh air to enter all its sections and floors.
Orcs chimneys are considered one of the most beautiful natural phenomena in the city of Cappadocia, which is located in the charming village of Goreme. The Orcs chimneys are natural mountain chimneys formed by natural factors that amazed its visitors with their beauty.
There are near to it volcanic peaks that exploded from millions of years ago, which has been rained lime, where the sedimentary rocks formed, and residents of Goreme discovered that lime material that formed the rocks is easy to dig, so they carved houses and caves to become today one of the most beautiful monuments of archeology .
The exposed Goreme Museum is located in the village of Goreme in the Turkish Cappadocia. The history of the museum’s construction dates back to the tenth and twelfth centuries CE during the rule of the Roman Empire.
The museum is considered one of the most beautiful archaeological and historical monuments in Cappadocia, where there is a group of churches and monasteries that are characterized by simple architecture and mosaic drawings that decorate their walls and ceilings.
The exposed Zulfi Museum is located in the Zulfi Valley in Cappadocia, about 10 km from Goreme and is one of the historical and archaeological monuments in the region.
The museum consists of number of monasteries, monumental buildings and churches, dating back to the ninth century AD, and also includes a number of caves carved inside the rocks that were formed by erosion.
The Red Valley which located in Cappadocia in Turkey is considered one of the most beautiful tourist areas in it, it is characterized by the beauty of its red and orange soil and rocks, which were formed as a result of erosion and volcanic eruptions, which gave the place a magical beauty.